Cerebral Palsy


What is it?

There are several different types of Cerebral Plasy (CP). While some people are severely affected, others have only minor disruption, depending on what parts of the brain have been damaged.

The main types are ;

  • Spastic Cerebral Palsy – some of the muscles in the body are tight, stiff and weak, making control of movement difficult.

  • Athetoid Cerebral Palsy- control of muscles is disrupted by spontanous and unwanted movements.

  • Ataxtic Cerebral Palsy – problems include difficulty with balance, shaky movements of hands or feet and difficulty with speech.

  • Mixed Cerebral Palsy – a combination of types over the body and muscles.

What are the symptoms?

The symptoms of CP may take some months to become apparent and depend on type. There may be abnormal tone (stiffness or floppiness) of the limbs and odd posture.

In spastic CP (70 % of all CP cases), the limbs become stiff and may be drawn in to the body. There may be incoordination of the muscles of the mouth, causing feeding problems, gagging, and affecting speech . They may also have delayed motor milestones – such as crawling and walking – so may never be able to achieve these skills.

A common misconception is that people with CP inevitably have learning difficulties. However, just like the rest of the population, CP people have a range of intelligence. Some have moderate or even severe learning difficulties, while others are extremely intelligent.

What’s the treatment?

There is no cure for CP. However, there are plenty of treatments and therapies that can reduce the impact of the condition by easing the symptoms such as spasticity, improving communication skills and finding other ways to do things.

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